Saunders uses data from the National Child Development study to show that children who are bright and hard working will succeed regardless of social advantages they experience some misunderstanding. The Caste system Giddens is extremely elaborate and varies in its structure from area to area, so much so that it does not really constitute diversity of varying beliefs and practices. Through out our lives we will be confronted with certain types of social stratification in our everyday lives within certain cultures and societies therefore we need to explore the Functionalist approach and the Marxists Approach. Like the functionalists, Marxists agree that education is functional in that it maintains the dominance of certain powerful groups in society.
For detailed notes please follow the link. Social Stratification What is social stratification? Stratification is a hierarchy of positions with regard to economic production which influences the social rewards to those in the positions.
Class is large set of people regarded by themselves or others as sharing similar status with regard to wealth, power and prestige. What are the major forms of stratification? Primitive communalism characterized by a high degree of sharing and minimal social inequality.
Slavery involving great social inequality and the ownership of some persons by others. Caste in which an individual is permanently assigned to a status based on his or her parents' status.
Estate in which peasants are required by law to work land owned by the noble class in exchange for food and protection from outside attacks.
How do stratification systems differ? Openness is the opportunity for individuals to change their status. Caste stratification systems are closed whereas class stratification systems are more open.
The degree of equality is the degree to which the social structure approaches an equal distribution of resources.
Hunting and gathering societies are typically very equal with inequality developing in later stages of agriculture and industrialization. What are Weber's three dimensions of stratification? Class or a set of people with similar amounts of income and wealth. Party or a set of people with similar amounts of power.
Status group or a set of people with similar social prestige or positive regard from members of a society.
What are the five basic viewpoints on why stratification exists? Natural inevitability which suggests that inequality exists because of natural differences in people's abilities and is a just system.
Structural -functionalist which states that stratification is useful to society because it enhances stability and induces members of the society to work hard. Conflict which suggests that stratification occurs through conflict between different classes, with the upper classes using superior power to take a larger share of the social resources.
Evolutionary which states that people will share enough resources to ensure the survival of the group until a surplus exists at which time power determines how the surplus is distributed. Symbolic Interactionist which calls attention to the importance of symbolic displays of wealth and power that influence one's definition of self and the importance of ideas in defining social situations.
In what regard is some stratification inevitable? Inequality may emanate from natural differences in people's abilities. What are the functionalist and conflict theories as to the reasons for stratification? Structural-functionalists believe that societies tend to be stable and are held together through consensus.Functional and Conflict Theories of Educational Stratification Author(s): Randall Collins place in the analysis of stratification and of social mobility.
This paper attempts to as- Functional and Conflict Theories of Educational Stratification. Social Stratification. Functionalists would consider the following issues in theorizing about the phenomenon of social stratification. What is the function of social stratification? * To maintain social order * To ensure that all roles are filled * Roles are filled by those best suited to efficiently execute them.
Social Stratification is the method by which various groups of people in the society are placed. People are often grouped according to status, wealth and income, .
“Social stratification systems function to provide the elite with the political power necessary to procure acceptance and dominance of an ideology which rationalizes the status quo, whatever it may be as “logical,” “natural,” and “morally right.”.
social stratification: The hierarchical arrangement of social classes, or castes, within a society. functional importance: The degree to which a job is unique and requires skill.
The structural-functional approach to stratification asks the same question that it does of the other components of society: What function or purpose does it serve? Published: Thu, 18 May CLASS AND STRATIFICATION ‘Marx believed that our society was in a state of continual conflict between the working class and upper class; evaluate the Marxist theory of social class using Functionalism and Postmodernism theories of class’.