The primary force behind the Russian Revolution, Lenin was a figure of enormous influence in twentieth-century politics and history. In his writings he claimed to be an orthodox Marxist, but in actuality he broke with his ideological predecessor Karl Marx on several key points.
Trotsky was born in southern Ukraine as Lev Davidovich Bronshtein.
He was drawn to Marxism as a teenager, joined a socialist organization inand was arrested in for his activities. He was exiled to Siberia, but escaped in using a forged passport with the name Trotsky, the head jailer of the Odessa prison.
Trotsky fled to Europe, meeting Lenin and other Russian Marxists in London and collaborating with them on various activities. InTrotsky returned to Russia, organizing the first revolutionary council in St. He was arrested and exiled but again escaped, fleeing to Europe, where he worked as a journalist.
Inhe condemned World War I — and led the internationalist wing of the Mensheviks. Trotsky gained renown as a gifted Marxist thinker, orator, and political organizer. His major intellectual innovations were the ideas of uneven development and permanent revolution.
By uneven development, he meant that capitalism in less developed countries evolved differently than in the developing West. In poorer states, the working class would emerge as a more powerful force than the local bourgeoisie, creating the possibility for these areas to skip stages in social and economic development.
This idea influenced Lenin, who argued for an immediate communist revolution in Russia. Permanent revolution referred to the fact that a successful revolutionary movement in a poorer country, such as Russia, would require socialist revolutions in more developed states in order for the movement in the poorer state to succeed.
He became head of the Petrograd St. Petersburg Soviet, a council that represented workers and competed with the Russian provisional government for power.
He joined the Bolsheviks in July Lenin admired Trotsky for his political and intellectual abilities, and Trotsky supported the Bolshevik seizure of power in November Afterward, Trotsky served as commissar for foreign affairs and commander of the Red Bolshevik Army, which successful defeated its enemies in the Russian Civil War — After his death, Stalin and Trotsky were the leading figures to succeed Lenin.
His influence began to decline, and Stalin removed him as head of the Red Army. Trotsky was expelled from the party in ; exiled from the Soviet Union in ; and later accused of plotting, from abroad, actions against Stalin and the Soviet state.
He founded the Fourth Socialist International in and was assassinated in Mexico in Trotskyite parties in the West defended his legacy and professed to offer an alternative to Soviet-style communism, but they never gained political power.Leon Trotsky’s essay on Vladimir Lenin is historically significant not because it is trustworthy in its judgments but because it is unique.
Here is one giant figure writing about another (who happened to have been his boss) at a time when both had been—until Lenin’s death in —engaged in making history.
Although sometimes described as Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin’s most capable lieutenant, Trotsky found himself politically isolated after Lenin’s death in , was forced to flee Russia, and was eventually killed by agents of Lenin’s successor, Joseph Stalin, in Mexico in A power struggle for control of the Bolshevik party began after Vladimir Lenin's death in Among the several contenders, two of the most important names in .
- The Succession of Lenin After Lenin's death in , there was a struggle between the leading Bolsheviks to succeed Lenin as leader of the USSR. In the end, it emerged as a contest between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Jan 20, · This feature is not available right now.
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Texts Images Video. Subject essay: Lewis Siegelbaum. The struggle to succeed Lenin which commenced even before his death in January rocked the Communist Party to its foundations and had immense consequences to its — and the Soviet Union’s — future.