On campuses from Berkeley to New York, they demanded desegregationunrestricted free speech, and withdrawal from the war in Vietnam.
When it began, North and South Korea existed as provisional governments competing for control over the Korean peninsula, due to the division of Korea by outside powers.
While originally a civil war, it quickly escalated into a war between the Western powers under the United Nations Command led by the United States and its allies and the communist powers of the People's Republic of Summary of 1950 s and the Soviet Union. He then pushed north, capturing Pyongyang in October.
Chinese intervention the following month drove UN forces south again. MacArthur then planned for a full-scale invasion of China, but this was against the wishes of President Truman and others who wanted a limited war. He was dismissed and replaced by General Matthew Ridgeway. The war then became a bloody stalemate for the next two and a half years while peace negotiations dragged on.
The Vietnam War began in The Viet Minh began an assassination campaign in early An article by French scholar Bernard Fall published in July concluded that a new war had begun.
The operation was a military success, but after the United States and Soviet Union united in opposition to the invasion, the invaders were forced to withdraw. This was seen as a major humiliation, especially for the two Western European countries, and symbolizes the beginning of the end of colonialism and the weakening of European global importance, specifically the collapse of the British Empire.
Algerian War — — An important decolonization war, it was a complex conflict characterized by guerrilla warfaremaquis fighting, terrorism against civilians, use of torture on both sides and counter-terrorism operations by the French Army. The war eventually led to the independence of Algeria from France.
Internal conflicts[ edit ] Fidel Castro becomes the leader of Cuba as a result of the Cuban Revolution Cuban Revolution — — The overthrow of Fulgencio Batista by Fidel CastroChe Guevara and other forces resulted in the creation of the first communist government in the Western hemisphere.
The Mau Mau began retaliating against the British in Kenya.
This led to concentration camps in Kenya, a British military victory, and the election of moderate nationalist Jomo Kenyatta as leader of Kenya. The wind of destruction began in Rwanda in following the assault of Hutu politician Dominique Mbonyumutwa by Tutsi forces.
This was the beginning of decades of ethnic violence in the country, which culminated in the Rwandan Genocide. Decolonization and Independence[ edit ] Decolonization of former European Colonial empires.
The Federation of Malaya peacefully gained independence from the United Kingdom in French rule ended in Algeria inVietnam left French Indo-china in The rival states of North Vietnam and South Vietnam were formed.
Cambodia and the Kingdom of Laos also gained independence, effectively ending French presence in Southeast Asia. Large-scale decolonization in Africa first began in the s.
InLibya became the first African country to gain independence in the decade, and in the Algerian War began. On November 1,two Puerto Rican nationalists staged an attempted assassination on U.
The leader of the team Griselio Torresola had firearm experience and Oscar Collazo was his accomplice. They made their assault at the Blair House where President Truman and his family were staying. Torresola mortally wounded a White House policeman, Leslie Coffeltwho shot Torresola dead before expiring himself.
Collazo, as a co-conspirator in a felony that turned into a homicide, was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to death in but then his sentence was later commuted to life in prison. On 7 Julythe first Group Areas Act was promulgated by the Parliament of South Africa and implemented over a period of several years.
The passing of the Act contributed significantly to the period of institutionalised racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa known as Apartheidwhich lasted from to One of the most famous uses of the Group Areas Act was the destruction of Sophiatowna suburb of Johannesburgwhich began on the 9th of February Establishment of the Non-aligned Movementconsisting of nations not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
The maximum territorial extent of countries in the world under Soviet influenceafter the Cuban Revolution of and before the official Sino-Soviet split of Asia[ edit ] The U.
Japan held democratic elections and recovered economically.
Within a year of its establishment, the People's Republic of China had reclaimed Tibet and intervened in the Korean War, causing years of hostility and estrangement from the United States.The 's was a time of many changes.
A lot of inventions took place in the 50's. The most popular items that we use today were invented in the 50's. I researched famous events, famous people, inventions, fads and fashions, and kaja-net.com cold war was.
Cinderella () on IMDb: Plot summary, synopsis, and more IMDb. Movies, TV & Showtimes. Fight Club ( However, upon the death of Cinderella's father, her Stepmother reveals a cruelty and jealous towards Cinderella's charms and beauty. Watch video · On June 25, , the Korean War began when some 75, soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army poured across the 38th parallel, the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s.
The s (pronounced nineteen-fifties; commonly abbreviated as the ' 50s or Fifties) was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, Immediately download the s summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching s.
The s Summary & Analysis. BACK; NEXT ; Eisenhower: Warrior and President. As the Supreme Allied Commander in Western Europe during World War II, General Dwight D.
Eisenhower led the forces that fought a desperate struggle against the Axis kaja-net.com planning and management of the pivotal D-Day invasion of Normandy spelled the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany.