In general, AP English Language and Composition test questions tend to fall into just a few categories. As with all testing strategies, it is essential to practice recognizing the question types before the test. A brief analysis of these questions types follows.
Multiple-Choice[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message The multiple-choice section of the test is approximately 55 questions, with the exact number of questions varying from 52 to 55 with each test administration.
The questions typically focus on identifying rhetorical devices and structures from the passages, as well as their general functions, purposes in a passage, the relationships between the devices, and the formal features of the text.
Inquestions were added that ask about citation information included in the passages. These citation questions are not designed to test knowledge about MLAAPAChicago Styleor any other particular citation format, but instead focus on how the citations reference and enhance information from the passage.
Free-Response Writing[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. May Learn how and when to remove this template message The Free-Response section of the test consists of three prompts, each of a different type: Each is scored on a scale from 0 to 9.
With the introduction of the synthesis essay inthe College Board allotted 15 additional minutes to the free-response exam portion to allow students to read and annotate the three prompts, as well as the passages and sources provided. During the reading time, students may read the prompts and examine the documents.
They may use this time to make notes, or begin writing their essay. The synthesis prompt typically requires students to consider a scenario, then formulate a response to a specific element of the scenario using at least three of the accompanying sources for support.
While a total of six or seven sources accompany the prompt, using information from all of the sources is not necessary, and may even be undesirable. The source material used must be cited in the essay in order to be considered legitimate.
The analysis prompt typically asks students to read a short less than 1 page passage, which may have been written at any time, as long as it was originally written in modern English. After reading the passage, students are asked to write an essay in which they analyze and discuss various techniques the author uses in the passage.
The techniques differ from prompt to prompt, but may ask about strategies, argumentative techniques, motivations, or other rhetorical elements of the passage, and how such techniques effectively contribute to the overall purpose of the passage.
The prompt may mention specific techniques or purposes, but some leeway of discussion is left to the student. The argument prompt typically gives a position in the form of an assertion from a documented source. Students are asked to consider the assertion, and then form an argument that defends, challenges, or qualifies the assertion using supporting evidence from their own knowledge or reading.
Scoring[ edit ] The multiple-choice section is scored by computer. No points were taken away for blank answers. The free-response section is scored individually by hundreds of educators each June. Each essay is assigned a score from9 being high.
Scoring is holistic, meaning that specific elements of the essay are not assessed, but each essay is scored in its entirety. The scores from the three essays are added and integrated with the adjusted multiple-choice score using appropriate weights of each section to generate a composite score.
The composite is then converted into an AP score of using a scale for that year's exam. Alternately, they can receive their scores by phone as early as July 1 for a fee. AP instructors receive a score sheet showing the individual score for each of their students, as well as some score information and national averages.
The grade distributions since are shown below:AP English Language and Composition Course Description— This is the core document for this course. It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general.
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AP English: Essay Basics: Type of Essays - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives. Before you start putting your ideas down on paper, learn whether an essay designed to persuade, inform, describe. The 3 essays on the AP exam What you need to know The Argument Essay The Synthesis Essay YOUR argument is central!
You MUST use at least 3 sources. It's an argument essay Challenge Qualify Defend Controlling Idea: Explaining how the author achieved the intended effect Working with rhetorical. Buy This CliffsNotes Book Here!. In general, AP English Language and Composition test questions tend to fall into just a few categories.
By becoming familiar with these areas, you can more quickly understand what you're being asked. The AP English Language and Composition Free Response The free response section has a minute reading period.
After that time, you will have minutes .